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2019年江苏专转本大学英语考试真题一

来源:诚为径教育   时间:2022年08月02日
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2019年江苏专转本大学英语考试真题一

Part I Reading Comprehension (共20小题,每小题2分,共40分)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is foflowed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked 4. B. C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark your answer by blackening fhe corresponding letter on the An smer Sheet.

Passage One (中等难度)

Questions I to 5 are based on the folloving passage.

Salt is something you cat every day, byu oparts of amcicnt Africal salt built empires.

Good as Gold. Salt is essential forife/Every person's body contains about 227g of salt-enough to fill several salt bottles. Salt helpsmuscles wouk. and it aids in digesting( 消化) food. Salt also preserves food and adds flavor to meals. In hotclimates, people need extra salt to replace the salt lost when they sweat. In uropical Africa, salt has always been precious.

Salt is abundant in the Sahara and scarce in the forests south of the Sahara ( in present-day countries such as Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire ) . These conditions gave rise to Africa's salt trade.Beginning in the A. D. 300s, local people drove camels carrying European goods and weapons from Medierranean ports into the Sahara. At the desert's great salt deposits they traded European goods for salt.

Rise and Dcline. Camels arived in Africa from Asia in A. D. 300. In time, commercial teams of thousands of camels loaded with tons of salt arrived at southern markets. Local kings along the trade routes put taxes, which were pay able in gold, on all goods crossing their empires.

The ancient empires of Mali and Ghana rose to great power from wealth brought by the salt trade.

Trade routes also provided ways for spreading ideas and inventions. By the A. D. 800s, Arab traders brought to Africa n sy stem of weights and measures, a writen language, and the concept of money. Although salt no longer dominates trade, it is used as a seasoning throughout the world.

1. Why is salt essential?

A. It is becoming more scarce.

B. It is important to human beings.

C. It improves working performance.

D. It reduces sweating in hot climate.

2. Which part of Africa is rich in salt?

A. Ghana.

B. South of the Sahara.

C. South of Ghana.

D. The Sahara

3. How did the salt trade affect the countries along the trade routes?

A. They began to launch more wars.

B. They became richer and stronger.

C. They reduced the prices of salt in their lands.

D. They stopped goods from crossing their lands.

4. What did Arab traders bring to Africa together with the goods?

A. Their laws.

B. Their homes.

C. Their culture.

D. Their agriculture.

5. What could be the best title of the passage?

A. Salt in Daily Life

B. Africa's Salt Trade

C. The Rise and Fall of Salt Industry

D. The History of Europe-Africa Trade

Passage Two (简单)

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following pasage.

Time management is the practic of using umen a vay that achieves the highest efficiency.

Good time management involves not only the ablity to make time arrangements for different tasks, but also the insight and good judgment to rccognize which tasks are best donc at what time.Morcover, it requires sticking to the original plan and the focus to organize resources accordingly.With good time management. a schedule is cleverly organized and then strictly followed. so tasks get done as planned.

On the other hand, bad time management involves a lack of planning. organization, focus,and self-control. We forget, overlook, or miscalculate tasks in terms of how much time they'd require for completion, which makes a mess of the rest of our plans. We fail to foresee and provide for the resources we need for the activities we've planned, leading to delays and cancellations. We fail to put our activities in the right order, instead choosing to spend our time doing insignificant tasks, leading to unsuccessful attempts.

Life in the 21st century is challenging our ability to maintain work-life balance like no other time before. With technology allowing more work hours as well as more entertainment options than ever, we no longer seem to find 24 hours enough to fit in everything we need and want to do in a day. With such demands and lifestyles, poor time management has become normal, and good time management is a superpower only the enlightened have seemed to master.

And if we can't even manage our time when it comes to our day -to-day tasks, how could we expect to find time to follow through on our bigger life plans?

6. Good time management can lead to

A. the best judgment

B. the deepest insight

C. the richest resources

D. the highest efficiency

7. What is Paragraph 3 mainly about?

A. History of bad time management.

B. Definition of bad time management.

C. llustrations of bad time management.

D. Ways of avoiding bad time management.

8. According to Paragraph 4, one challenge in the 21st century is

A. how to advance technology

B. how to balance work and life

C. how to help people live longer

D. how to increase entertainments

9. With the development of tchnology, time management becomes

A. harder

B. easier

C. more costly

D. less costly

10. According to the last paragraph, what's the importance of good time management?

A. It only influences our daily tasks.

B. It goes beyond our daily tasks.

C. It increases our annual income.

D. It enriches our everyday life.

Passage Three

Questions II to 15 are based on the follow ingpassage.

During the first coronavirus lockdown, books, especially fiction books, became a popular way to beat boredom for many pcople in the UK. In this current lockdown, people are once again finding joy in reading. bul this time some say that non-fiction books are better than fiction. What do you think? Is fiction better than non-fiction? Yes-let your imagination run wild

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