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2020年江苏专转本大学英语考试真题一

来源:诚为径教育   时间:2022年08月02日
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2020年江苏专转本大学英语考试真题一

Part I Reading Comprehension (共20小题,每小题2分,共40分)

Direction: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You : should decide on the best choice and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

Question 1 to 5 are based on the following passage

When Beverly Goodman was in elementagyschoo,she gave a series of presentations on her favorite topic: disasters. She told her classmates about some disasters in history, for instance, the Titanic. Today, at 45, she's a marime geoarchacologist (地理考古学家) who explores coastines for clues to erosion, past tsunamis (海啸), and other disasters.“It's funny now that I'm a disaster scientist, basically," she says.“It all came together."

Human settlements have long been built around access to water. Goodman studies how coastal change affected our ancestors: Were people forced to leave? Did they find innovative ways to adapt to the changes? This knowledge, she says, can help us“prepare responsibly for what this landscape is going to look like in the future." That was the case when Goodman and her team of scientists proved tsunamis had struck the coast of what is now Israel over the course of thousands of years.. Partly as a result of their research, the country in 2014 developed its first tsunami preparedness plan.

Humans are manipulating coastlines more dramatically than ever, says Goodman. To leam what effect this will have,“we need to be working faster, and we need more people working on it." She believes ancient clues buried underwater can save lives. particularly in places without written records.

1. When Goodman was a ltte girl, she might be interested in.

A. landscape

B. art and literature

C. science and technology

D. disasters in history

2. According to the passage, her present job.

A. is a disaster for her

B. is well-known to ordinary people

C. is closely related to her childhood interest

D. has nothing to do with her childhood hobbies

3. It can be learmned from Paragraph Two that

A. where there is water, there are human beings

B. people usually settle down along waters

C. people prefer to live in mountainous areas

D. people prefer to live along grasslands

4. According to Goodman, which of the foftowingis trueQ

A. People need to pay more attention to coastine research.

B. People show lttle interest in coastlines.

C. People have no knowledge about coastlines.

D. People have no witten records about coastlines.

5. The best title of this passage could be“_”

A. The Changes of the World

B. The Coastal Landscape

C. Life Style of Ancient Ancestors

D. Goodman's Underwater Research.

Passage Two

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage.

One of the most common reasons why people don't succeed at introducing a permanent exercise habit in their lives is because their workouts are boring. They do the same things over and over again, and even if they work in the beginning, the body quickly adapts to them and stops responding to them in the same way as in the beginning.

When the effectiveness drops down and a person gets tired of doing the same things, the outcome is predictable: you no longer want to work out anymore.

That's why I'm so strongly against any kind of structured fitness classes at the gym that you attend because you think it's the only way to exercise.

Seek something enjoyable and exciting that won't feel like dreadful exercise. If you can't find it, keep looking until you do. Ultimately, it's the only way to successfully maintain an exercise habit in yourlife.

However, please note that even if you're doing something exciting, no matter now fantastic it is in the beginning, if you don't change your routine every now and then. it also might get boring. Mixing it up every now and then by focusing on a different aspect of the activity, doing it in a different place, with different intensity or with different people will boost your excitement, shock your body, andensunethat you'll stick to physical activity for the long haul.

6. Why do people fail to developa good exercise habit? Because_

A. people usually get bored of the same exercise

B. the exercises are tough to perform

C. people are too busy with their work

D. there are lots ofinteresting exercises

7. What might happen if people do the same exercise too many times?

A. They might get excited.

B. They might stop doing it.

C. They might easily get hungry.

D. They might lose their temper.

8. The author's attitude toward structured fitness classes is.

A. supportive

B. appreciative

C. neutral

D. negative

9. According to the passage, which of the following helps develop a lifetime exercise habit?

A. Attending gym classes.

B. Joining a sports club.

C. Keeping notes ofyour exercises.

D. trying enjoyable and exciting exercises.

10. If you would like to keep a routine exercise lifelong, you'd better NOT_

A. do it in a different place

B. do it on a regular basis

C. do it with different intensity

D. do it with different people

Passage Three

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.

Everyone knows that the average human body temperature is 37-C---but everyone is wrong. It turns out that the bodies of people in theUS have been cpoling since the 1860s.

Physicians studying body temperature have kmownfor decades that 37°C was too high, says Julie Parsonnet at Stanford University inCalfomia.But they've always thought that it was just measurement error in the past, not becausetemperature had actually dropped."

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